Date: September 23, 2013 Last Edit: October 14, 2016

City of Miami v. Florida Retail Federation – Employment

Florida Third District Court of Appeals

NFIB Legal Center joined in an amicus brief challenging the City’s minimum wage hike. The brief argued that state law preempted local wage ordinances. The Court of Appeal struck down the wage ordinance in December 23, 2017.


Associated Builders & Contractors v. City of Lansing – Labor / Employment

Michigan Supreme Court

In this case, plaintiff challenges a City of Lansing ordinance requiring city contractors to pay prevailing wages to employees. ABC contends that the ordinance violates the Michigan Constitution, as the Michigan Supreme Court struck down an identical ordinance, from the City of Detroit, in 1923. Here the lower court ruled that the Lansing ordinance is unconstitutional, and that the 1923 decision remains binding. But, the Court of Appeal reversed. As such, NFIB Legal Center urged the Michigan Supreme Court to affirm its 1923 decision, and emphasized the doctrine of stare decisis.


Brott v. United States – Property Rights

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit

Federal courts have long assumed that the Seventh Amendment’s guarantee of a right to jury trial does not exceed to citizens bringing suit against government; however, NFIB Legal Center argues in this case that this line of cases stems entirely from dicta. The Supreme Court has never definitively ruled affirmed this rule—at least not in a case in which a litigant was seeking to invoke a right to jury in a suit alleging a violation of constitutional rights. Specifically, this case concerns the right of landowners to invoke the right to jury in a suit seeking just compensation for the taking of land. The Legal Center argues that the modern doctrine of unconstitutional conditions forecloses the government’s contention that Congress may condition the right to sue the government on waiver of Seventh Amendment rights.


Cintas v. EEOC – Employment Discrimination

U.S. Supreme Court

The Supreme Court will review a Sixth Circuit decision holding that the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) can pursue a pattern-or-practice claim under Section 706 of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII).


Michigan Building and Construction Trades Council v. Snyder – PLA Agreements

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit

In July 2011, Governor Snyder signed the “Michigan Fair & Open Competition in Governmental Construction Act,” which prohibits government entities from awarding contracts with Project Labor Agreements (PLAs). Michigan Building & Construction Trades Council, AFL-CIO sued to block the law. In February a federal district court declared the law invalid finding it impermissibly interferes with the National Labor Relations Act (“NLRA”). The state appealed.

The adverse impacts of government-mandated PLAs are well supported, and Michigan has joined a large and growing number of states who have determined that government-mandated PLAs do not serve the states’ interests. After the trial court struck down the first law, the legislature passed an amended law to correct perceived deficiencies. The trial court struck down the amended law. A second appeal followed. 


If you have a case that impacts small business, please contact us at:  1-800-552-NFIB as we are actively looking for opportunities to weigh in on important issues in this state. NFIB Small Business Legal Center is involved in many cases that impact this state and others; to see our complete list of Supreme Court cases click on Washington, DC on the interactive map.

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