New Form I-9 Legally Required by September 18, 2017

Date: August 08, 2017

A new version of the Form I-9 has been issued and businesses must use this version on or before September 18, 2017. Published by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) on July 17, 2017, the new I-9 form has a revision date (shown on the bottom of the form) of 07/17/17.

The form, used by employers to verify employment eligibility, should be completed for all active employees hired after November 6, 1986 and retained for former employees for the longer of 1 year from termination or 3 years from hire. (Clarification: Employers are only required to execute a new I-9 form for new hires, or if there is not otherwise an executed I-9 in the employee’s file). 

There is no small business exception for the Form I-9. While an independent contractor does not need to complete a Form I-9, all employers must complete and retain Forms I-9 for every person they hire for employment, which includes:

• The owner of a business if the owner is employed by the business and was hired as employee after November 6, 1986; and
• An owner hired by a partnership.

Changes on Form

The new I-9 has made very small changes to the form’s instructions and the list of acceptable documents. The revisions slightly modify USCIS’s List of Acceptable Documents and specifically update List C to reflect the most current version of the certification or report of birth issued by the U.S. State Department.

Switch to New Form Now

Although the changes might be imperceptible, employers still need to switch to the form with the revision date of 07/17/17. Technically employers can continue to use the previous Form I-9 through September 17, but immigration experts recommend that employers immediately download and start using the new form and recycle any blank November 2016 or older versions.
Failure to comply by the September 18, 2017, deadline can result in significant fines. The Department of Justice announced increases in fines for Form I-9 violations last year and range from $216 to $2,126 per form.

Businesses with questions can contact the NFIB Small Business Legal Center at (800) NFIB-NOW or visit

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